Indirect evaporative cooler considering condensation from primary air: Model development and parameter analysis

Yi Chen, Hongxing Yang, Yimo Luo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

74 Citations (Scopus)


The indirect evaporative cooler (IEC), regarded as a low-carbon cooling device, was proposed as fresh air pre-cooling and heat recovery device in the air-conditioning system to break the region limitation of application in hot and humid areas. In this hybrid system, the exhausted air with low temperature and humidity from air-conditioned space is used as secondary air to cool the inlet fresh air. As the dew point temperature of the fresh air is high, condensation may occur in the dry channels. However, the modeling of IEC with condensation has been seldom studied and corresponding parameter study is also lacking. So the paper established a new numerical model taking the condensation from primary air into consideration. The model was validated by the published data from literature with good agreement. Nine parameters were analyzed in detail under three operation states (non-condensation, partial condensation and total condensation) using four evaluation indexes: condensation ratio, wet-bulb efficiency, enlargement coefficient and total heat transfer rate. The results show that the condensation lowers the wet-bulb efficiency of IEC but improves the total heat transfer rate due to dehumidification.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-345
Number of pages16
JournalBuilding and Environment
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Condensation
  • Indirect evaporative cooler
  • Numerical modeling
  • Parameter study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction


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