The inactivation mechanisms and functional role of p16INK4a in three Asian esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cell lines were investigated by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification, DNA sequencing, methylation-specific PCR analysis, reverse transcription-PCR, Western blotting, and colony formation assays. The p16INK4a was inactivated by promoter hypermethylation in all three cell lines, a homozygous deletion of exons 2 and 3, and a frameshift deletion on exon 1, leading to transcriptional silencing or the production of mutant p16INK4a protein. Two ESCC cell lines transfected with wild type p16INK4a show significantly reduced cell growth properties. The results of the present studies support the suppressive role of p16INK4a in ESCC development.
- Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
- Promoter hypermethylation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Molecular Biology