In Vivo Reversal of P-Glycoprotein-Mediated Drug Resistance in a Breast Cancer Xenograft and in Leukemia Models Using a Novel, Potent, and Nontoxic Epicatechin EC31

Wenqin Sun, Iris L.K. Wong, Helen Ka Wai Law, Xiaochun Su, Terry C.F. Chan, Gege Sun, Xinqing Yang, Xingkai Wang, Tak Hang Chan, Shengbiao Wan, Larry M.C. Chow

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The modulation of P-glycoprotein (P-gp, ABCB1) can reverse multidrug resistance (MDR) and potentiate the efficacy of anticancer drugs. Tea polyphenols, such as epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), have low P-gp-modulating activity, with an EC50 over 10 μM. In this study, we optimized a series of tea polyphenol derivatives and demonstrated that epicatechin EC31 was a potent and nontoxic P-gp inhibitor. Its EC50 for reversing paclitaxel, doxorubicin, and vincristine resistance in three P-gp-overexpressing cell lines ranged from 37 to 249 nM. Mechanistic studies revealed that EC31 restored intracellular drug accumulation by inhibiting P-gp-mediated drug efflux. It did not downregulate the plasma membrane P-gp level nor inhibit P-gp ATPase. It was not a transport substrate of P-gp. A pharmacokinetic study revealed that the intraperitoneal administration of 30 mg/kg of EC31 could achieve a plasma concentration above its in vitro EC50 (94 nM) for more than 18 h. It did not affect the pharmacokinetic profile of coadministered paclitaxel. In the xenograft model of the P-gp-overexpressing LCC6MDR cell line, EC31 reversed P-gp-mediated paclitaxel resistance and inhibited tumor growth by 27.4 to 36.1% (p < 0.001). Moreover, it also increased the intratumor paclitaxel level in the LCC6MDR xenograft by 6 fold (p < 0.001). In both murine leukemia P388ADR and human leukemia K562/P-gp mice models, the cotreatment of EC31 and doxorubicin significantly prolonged the survival of the mice (p < 0.001 and p < 0.01) as compared to the doxorubicin alone group, respectively. Our results suggested that EC31 was a promising candidate for further investigation on combination therapy for treating P-gp-overexpressing cancers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4377
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume24
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • EC
  • epicatechin
  • MDR
  • modulator
  • multidrug resistance
  • P-glycoprotein
  • P-gp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Spectroscopy
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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