In vitro Vitamin K2 and 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 combination enhances osteoblasts anabolism of diabetic mice

Christina C.W. Poon, Rachel W.S. Li, Sai Wang Seto, Siu Kai Kong, Ho Pui Ho, Maggie P.M. Hoi, Simon M.Y. Lee, Sai Ming Ngai, Shun Wan Chan, George P.H. Leung, Yiu Wa Kwan

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we evaluated the anabolic effect and the underlying cellular mechanisms involved of vitamin K2 (10 nM) and 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) (10 nM), alone and in combination, on primary osteoblasts harvested from the iliac crests of C57BL/KsJ lean (+/+) and obese/diabetic (db/db) mice. A lower alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity plus a reduced expression of bone anabolic markers and bone formation transcription factors (osteocalcin, Runx2, Dlx5, ATF4 and OSX) were consistently detected in osteoblasts of db/db mice compared to lean mice. A significantly higher calcium deposits formation in osteoblasts was observed in lean mice when compared to db/db mice. Co-administration of vitamin K2 (10 nM) and 1,25(OH)2D3 (10 nM) caused an enhancement of calcium deposits in osteoblasts in both strains of mice. Vitamins K2 and 1,25(OH)2D3 co-administration time-dependently (7, 14 and 21 days) increased the levels of bone anabolic markers and bone formation transcription factors, with a greater magnitude of increase observed in osteoblasts of db/db mice. Combined vitamins K2 plus 1,25(OH)2D3 treatment significantly enhanced migration and the re-appearance of surface microvilli and ruffles of osteoblasts of db/db mice. Thus, our results illustrate that vitamins K2 plus D3 combination could be a novel therapeutic strategy in treating diabetes-associated osteoporosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-40
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume767
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2015

Keywords

  • 1,25(OH)D
  • Osteoblasts
  • Osteoporosis
  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • Vitamin K

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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