In vitro antioxidant activities of endophytic fungi isolated from the liverwort Scapania verrucosa

P. Y. Zeng, J. G. Wu, L. M. Liao, T. Q. Chen, J. Z. Wu, Ka Hing Wong

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We investigated in vitro antioxidant activities of 49 endophytic fungi isolated from the liverwort Scapania verrucosa. Based on morphological and molecular identification, the endophytic fungi isolated were classified into seven genera (Hypocrea, Penicillium, Tolypocladium, Chaetomium, Xylaria, Nemania, and Creosphaeria), all belonging to one family (Xylariaceae). By screening with the 2,2’-azino-di(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) decolorization assay, the ethyl acetate extracts of five endophytic fungi (T7, T21, T24, T32, and T38 strains), which exhibited remarkable Trolox equivalent (TE) antioxidant capacity (ranging from 997.06 to 1248.10 μmol TE/g extract), were selected and their antioxidant capacity was further evaluated by assays for 2,2’-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging, hydroxyl radical scavenging, reducing power, and ferrous ion chelating. The ethyl acetate extracts of two endophytic fungi (T24 and T38) were found to have comparable scavenging abilities on both DPPH-free radicals (93.9 and 88.7%, respectively, at 50 μg/mL) and hydroxyl radicals (97.1 and 89.4%, respectively, at 2 mg/mL) when compared with those of the positive controls (ascorbic acid and butylated hydroxytoluene, respectively). Although their reducing powers were similar to that of butylated hydroxytoluene, as indicated by absorbance (0.35 and 0.30 at 50 μg/mL, respectively), only the T38 strain’s ethyl acetate extract showed ferrous ion chelating ability (92.9% at 1 mg/mL) comparable to that of the EDTA-2Na control. These endophytic fungi in S. verrucosa are a potential novel source of natural antioxidants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3169-3179
Number of pages11
JournalGenetics and Molecular Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2011


  • ABTS
  • Antioxidant activity
  • DPPH
  • Endophytic fungi
  • Ferrous ion chelating ability
  • Scavenging ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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