In Situ Observations of Free-Standing Graphene-like Mono- and Bilayer ZnO Membranes

Huy T. Quang, Alicja Bachmatiuk, Arezoo Dianat, Frank Ortmann, Jiong Zhao, Jamie H. Warner, Jürgen Eckert, Gianaurelio Cunniberti, Mark H. Rümmeli

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)


ZnO in its many forms, such as bulk, thin films, nanorods, nanobelts, and quantum dots, attracts significant attention because of its exciting optical, electronic, and magnetic properties. For very thin ZnO films, predictions were made that the bulk wurtzite ZnO structure would transit to a layered graphene-like structure. Graphene-like ZnO layers were later confirmed when supported over a metal substrate. However, the existence of free-standing graphene-like ZnO has, to the best of our knowledge, not been demonstrated. In this work, we show experimental evidence for the in situ formation of free-standing graphene-like ZnO mono- and bilayer ZnO membranes suspended in graphene pores. Local electron energy loss spectroscopy confirms the membranes comprise only Zn and O. Image simulations and supporting analysis confirm that the membranes are graphene-like ZnO. Graphene-like ZnO layers are predicted to have a wide band gap and different and exciting properties as compared to other ZnO structures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11408-11413
Number of pages6
JournalACS Nano
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • free-standing membrane
  • graphene-like ZnO
  • TEM
  • ZnO thin films

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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