In-situ incorporation of alkyl-grafted silica into waterborne polyurethane with high solid content for enhanced physical properties of coatings

Yanting Han, Jinlian Hu, Zhongyin Xin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Waterborne polyurethane (WPU) with high solid content (45%) was obtained by utilizing dimethylol propionic acid (DMPA) and ethoxylated capped polymeric diol as complex hydrophilic groups. Alkyl-grafted silica was incorporated into polymer matrix through in situ polymerization to improve the performance of coatings casted from WPU dispersions. The addition of alkyl-grafted silica enlarged the particle size distribution whilst increased emulsion viscosity, which showed little influence on attainment of high solid content for WPU. The properties of obtained WPU/Silica coatings were investigated. Results showed that the functionalized surface of silica provides good compatibility with the WPU matrix, which promoted the homogeneous dispersion of silica particles. This facilitated the formation of nanosized silica papillae on coatings, contributing to surface roughness and hydrophobicity. Solvent resistance of WPU was enhanced with existence of alkyl-grafted silica particles. The WPU/Silica coatings also displayed improved thermal stability due to the thermal insulation ability and tortuous path effect of silica. Besides this, valid interactions between silica and WPU resulted in hybrid microphase of which the synergistic effect imparted superior mechanical properties at relatively low loadings of silica (2%). The facile technique presented here will provide an effective and promising method for preparing WPU hybrids with enhanced performance.
Original languageEnglish
Article number514
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 9 May 2018


  • Coatings
  • High solid content
  • Hybrid
  • Microphase
  • Silica
  • Waterborne polyurethane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics

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