In Response to Cultural Threat: Cultural Self-Awareness on Collective Movement Participation

Chieh Lu, Ching Wan, Pamsy P. Hui, Yuk Yue Tong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the role of cultural self-awareness, an individual’s awareness of culture’s influence on the self, on collective movement participation. We posited that individuals who were highly aware of their culture’s influence on them would more likely perceive self-relevance of cultural circumstances. In the context of a cultural threat, such perception of self-relevance would lead to psychological and behavioral reactions that affirm one’s collective identity. We tested our predictions during a collective political movement in Hong Kong. Results showed that among Hong Kong university students, the higher the cultural self-awareness, the more they participated in the collective movement. The relationship was mediated by increased pride in Hong Kong and a more exclusive Hong Kong identity. The findings highlighted the importance of metacognitive reflection of the self in collective processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)70-76
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • collective identity
  • collective movement
  • cultural self
  • cultural threat
  • self-awareness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Cultural Studies
  • Anthropology

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