In operando monitoring of reaction-diffusion streamlines and uncovering of electrochemo-structural interactions in electrodes

Yanxiang Zhang, Fuyao Yan, Jingbo Ma, Mufu Yan, Meng Ni, Changrong Xia

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


An open question for interpretation of impedance spectra of electrochemical cells is how to decouple the electrochemo-structural interactions. Reduced-dimensional models, such as equivalent circuits, face challenges in capturing the impacts of inhomogeneities (e.g. roughness and constriction effects) in three-dimensional microstructures, where mean-field assumption breaks down. Here we report a new method to analyze the impedance spectra of the reaction-diffusion process in an electrode based on a distribution of reaction-diffusion streamlines (DRDS) connected parallelly with different lengths (representing the roughness effects) and shapes (representing the constriction effects). Demonstrations on (La,Sr)(Co,Fe)O3-δ electrodes show that the DRDS method can explicitly capture the geometric inhomogeneities and the multiple rate-determining steps in the multi-scale features of the electrode microstructure. Furthermore, the kinetic parameters for the reaction-diffusion process can be extracted accurately from the DRDS analysis, and 'direct three-phase-boundary reactions', a well-known open hypothesis in solid oxide cells, are monitored clearly by using the DRDS pattern. This method is generally applicable to many electrochemical systems involving a reaction-diffusion process in the electrode.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10256-10263
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)

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