In-fiber polarimeters based on hollow-core photonic bandgap fibers

Haifeng Xuan, Wei Jin, Min Zhang, Jian Ju, Yanbiao Liao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In-fiber polarimeters or polarization mode interferometers (PMIs) are fabricated by cascading two CO2-laser-induced in-fiber polarizers along a piece of hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber. Since the two interfering beams are the orthogonal polarizations of the fundamental mode, which are tightly confined to the core and have much lower loss than higher order modes, the PMIs can have either short (e.g., a few millimeters) or long (tens of meters or longer) device length without significantly changing the fringe contrast and hence provide design flexibility for applications required different device lengths. As examples of potential applications, the PMIs have been experimentally demonstrated for wavelength-dependent group birefringence measurement; and for strain, temperature and torsion sensors. The PMI sensors are quite sensitive to strain but relatively insensitive to temperature as compared with fiber Bragg grating sensors. The PMIs function as good directional torsion sensors that can determine the rate and direction of twist at the same time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13246-13254
Number of pages9
JournalOptics Express
Volume17
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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