Improving the performance of architectural mortar containing 100% recycled glass aggregates by using SCMs

Jian Xin Lu, Bao Jian Zhan, Zhen Hua Duan, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


The mechanical properties were assessed in terms of compressive and flexural strength, whilst the durability characteristics were investigated in terms of drying shrinkage, resistance to high temperature exposure, alkali-silica-reaction (ASR) and acid dissolution. Experimental results suggested that strengths of glass-based architectural mortar incorporating SCMs (fly ash, ground granulated blast-furnace slag, metakaolin and waste glass powder) were comparable or even superior to that of the pure cement mortar when the cement replacement levels was up to 20%. In particular, waste glass powder (GP) as a pozzolanic material performed better than the other SCMs for flexural strength development of the glass-based mortar. The durability results also indicated that the addition of the SCMs could significantly reduce the drying shrinkage of the glass-based architectural mortar. All the recycled glass architectural mortars prepared with SCMs showed favorable resistance to expansion due to the ASR and less strength loss after heating to 800 °C. GP and ground granulated blast-furnace slag (BS) blended mortars gave better performance below 600 °C as compared to fly ash (FA) and metakaolin (MK) blended mortar. Also, the glass-based mortar containing GP exhibited the best performance of resistance to acid attack. Therefore, there is a potential to produce high performance architectural mortars with excellent mechanical and durability properties by reutilizing recycled glass to fully replace natural aggregates and partially replace cement.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975-985
Number of pages11
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2017


  • Architectural mortar
  • Durability
  • Glass powder
  • Supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs)
  • Waste glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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