Improvement of properties of architectural mortars prepared with 100% recycled glass by CO2curing

Ming Zhi Guo, Zhenjun Tu, Chi Sun Poon, Caijun Shi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


Previous studies have well demonstrated that recycled glass (RG) can be incorporated into cementitious materials to replace 100% river sand as fine aggregates. However, this replacement was found to incur adverse effects on the mechanical properties of the cement mortar. In this study, CO 2 curing was employed to ameliorate these drawbacks. The effect of CO 2 curing on both of the mechanical properties and microstructure of the RG incorporated cement mortar was studied by a series of laboratory tests. The results showed that replacement of river sand by 100% RG led to a 37% decrease in compressive strength and a 32% reduction in flexural strength of the mortar samples under conventional curing. Whereas, CO 2 curing of these samples significantly enhanced both the compressive and flexural strength, with a more pronounced improvement on the former. Such improvements were further reflected by a decrease in both the water absorption and porosity, and by an enhancement of the microstructure. This is attributed to the fact that compared with the mortar samples prepared with 100% river sand, those prepared with 100% RG had a more porous structure due to the smooth surface of RG and thus a poor bonding between the RG and the cement paste. However, such a porous structure encouraged CO 2 gas to penetrate and diffuse more easily into the cementitious matrix, resulting in a higher degree of CO 2 curing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-150
Number of pages13
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2018


  • CO curing
  • Mechanical properties
  • Microstructure improvement
  • Recycled glass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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