In this paper, we first derived the BER expression of an optical channel with chromatic dispersion impairment. The derived BER expression takes into account the influence of pulse spreading, transmitter rise/fall times, receiver Q-factor and noises. It is simpler and hence easier to use than many existing channel BER models. Then we proposed a wavelength-interleaved FEC scheme to mitigate the chromatic dispersion impairment in optical transmission system and analyzed its decoding performance. The minimum wavelength separation required for such a wavelength-interleaving FEC system to obtain the highest coding gain is also determined. Based on this design, the chromatic dispersion tolerance of the proposed system with 2-wavelength and 4-wavelength-interleaving are shown to improve by about 13% and 22%, respectively, over a non-interleaved system. In essence, wavelength-interleaving averages out the performances of a set of channels experiencing higher and lower dispersion, hence the interleaved channels have better performance than the non-interleaved channels experiencing higher dispersion, and worse performance than the non-interleaved channels experiencing lower dispersion. However, since WDM systems are typically designed based on the worst-case channel, the overall system performance is improved by wavelength-interleaving.
- Chromatic dispersion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering