Improvement in corrosion resistance of NiTi by anodization in acetic acid

P. Shi, F. T. Cheng, Hau Chung Man

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

61 Citations (Scopus)


NiTi was galvanostatically anodized in acetic acid to increase the oxide film thickness for improving corrosion resistance. The galvanostatic anodization behavior of NiTi in acetic acid differed markedly from that of Ti. In particular, the anode potential reached was much lower for NiTi, and thus only thin oxide films could be obtained. With a suitable choice of anodizing conditions, the anodic oxide film formed had a thickness of 20-25 nm, as determined by profilometric measurement. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed that the surface roughness was increased after anodization. Analysis by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showed a low Ni/Ti ratio of 0.04 at the anodic oxide surface versus a value of 0.30 for bare NiTi. Electrochemical impedance measurements of the anodized sample in Hanks' solution at 37 °C recorded a 9-fold increase in polarization resistance, and cyclic polarization tests also recorded a matching reduction in the passive current density. These observations indicate that anodization of NiTi can serve as a simple low-temperature method to enhance the corrosion resistance of NiTi when used as an implant material.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2385-2388
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Letters
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2007


  • Anodization
  • Corrosion
  • Electrochemical methods
  • NiTi
  • Titanium oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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