High impact polystyrene (HIPS)/hydroxyapatite (HA) composites are potential biomaterials for bone replacements due to their good biocompatibility and adequate mechanical properties. At the present work, the surface of the micron-sized hydroxyapatite (HA) particles was modified by in situ polymerization of styrene (St), then compounded with HIPS. The effect of the modification of HA surface on morphology and mechanical properties of HIPS/HA composites were investigated. The results showed that the HA particles does not inhibit the polymerization of St. The PS segments coated on the HA surface by in situ polymerization of St enhances the compatibility between HA and HIPS, improves the dispersion of HA particles in HIPS matrix, and enhances the interfacial adhesion between HA and matrix. Thereby, the stiffness, tensile strength and notch impact strength of HIPS/HA composites are improved at the same time. And there is a critical coating thickness of PS on the HA surface for the optimum mechanical properties of HIPS/HA composites.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biomedical Engineering