Improved clinical outcomes in Chinese renal allograft recipients receiving lower dose immunosuppressants

Jianyong Wu, Jiang Hua Chen, Yi Ming Wang, Qing He, Dong Bao Wu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. The application of potent immunosuppressants has decreased the incidence of acute rejection and increased short- and long-term graft survival; however, these drugs cause a variety of complications. In China, many transplant centers have adopted the immunosuppressive protocols based on the white population, neglecting the differences between the races. The purpose of this study was to explore a suitable immunosuppressive regimen for Chinese renal allograft recipients. Methods. Two hundred cadaveric renal allograft recipients who underwent transplantation between July 1999 and October 2001 were observed. Before October 2000, 104 recipients received the conventional dose of immunosuppressants; thereafter, 96 recipients received lower dose treatment. Doses of immunosuppressive agents, the incidence of acute rejection and pulmonary infection, and patient and graft survival rates were compared between the two groups. Results. Doses of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and cyclosporine A (CsA) administered in the conventional dose group were significantly higher than in the lower dose group at 3 months posttransplant, as was prednisone at 6 months posttransplant. The incidence of acute rejection and subclinical rejection that was biopsy-proven or diagnosed by clinical manifestations was 17.3% and 19.8%, respectively, in the conventional dose group and the lower dose group within the first 6 months, and no significant difference was noted (P=0.55). The incidence of pulmonary infection, especially severe infection, was much higher in the conventional treatment group (40.1% and 26.9%, respectively) than that in the lower dose group (11.5% and 5.2%, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.001). The corresponding 1-year survival rate of patients was 87.4% and 97.9% (P<0.01), and that of renal grafts was 85.5% and 96.9% (P<0.01), for patients receiving conventional dose and lower dose immunosuppressive drugs, respectively. The rate of death with a functioning allograft caused by infection in the conventional dose group was significantly higher than that in the lower dose group (12.5% vs. 0%, P<0.01). Conclusions. The regimen of lower dose MMF, CsA, and prednisone in combination can significantly reduce the incidence of pulmonary infection, especially severe pulmonary infection, without increasing the incidence and severity of allograft rejection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)713-718
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume78
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acute rejection
  • Immunosuppressive agents
  • Pulmonary infection
  • Renal transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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