Improved anatase phase stability in small diameter TiO2 nanotube arrays for high performance dye-sensitized solar cells

Xiaolin Liu, Jia Lin, Yuen Hong Tsang, Xianfeng Chen, Peter Hing, Haitao Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Anatase is the preferred phase of TiO2in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) because of its lower charge recombination than other phases. However, for small diameter nanotubes before detached from the Ti foil, rutile rather than anatase appears upon a pre-treatment annealing at 400 °C or above. Here we have fabricated highly ordered free-standing small diameter (50 nm) TiO2nanotube membranes which were pre-treated at 300 °C to maintain pure anatase phase. The free-standing nanotube membranes were used to fabricate the photoanodes and were further calcined at 500 °C to achieve full crystallization of the nanotubes. It was shown that the electron lifetime is much longer in the 300 °C-pre-treated nanotubes than those pre-treated at 400 or 500 °C, leading to a significantly improved power conversion efficiency of 4.59% (enhanced by ∼50%).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-53
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sep 2014


  • Dye-sensitized solar cells
  • Electron recombination
  • Phase transitions
  • Small diameter nanotube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys

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