Importance of subchondral bone in the pathogenesis and management of osteoarthritis from bench to bed

Chunyi Wen, Weijia William Lu, Kwong Yuen Chiu

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of joint disorders, which is the leading cause of pain and walking disability in older adults. The primary concern of OA is loss of articular cartilage. Yet the integrity of articular cartilage relies on subchondral bone to provide mechanical support and nutrition supply. The term "osteo"-arthritis has indicated the importance of subchondral bone in the pathogenesis and management of knee OA. This review focuses on the current understanding of subchondral bone pathophysiology in human and animal models, and discusses how to translate it from bench to bedside for early diagnosis and intervention of OA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-25
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Translation
Volume2
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Animal model
  • Articular cartilage
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Subchondral bone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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