The transport demand in most major cities around the world can only be met with a high-quality public transport system. The requirements on bus, rail, underground and tram systems are manifold with reliability and efficiency as the key factors. The service operating hours and the size of the network are often extended in order to serve the needs better. Further, most metropolitan areas are trying to provide more incentives for citizens to leave the car at home and use the local transit systems instead. The reasons are well known. Not only does a public transport system only make economical sense if it is well used, but most urban areas with a high car-dependency face at least three major problems; safety, congestion, and pollution (noise and air pollution, land separation, etc.). It is generally recognised that to decrease car usage and to increase public transport usage a stick & carrot approach is needed. The London congestion-charging scheme is an example since all revenues collected by the scheme are put into the improvement of bus and underground services.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Advanced Transportation|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering