Implementation of safety management system for improving construction safety performance: A Structural Equation Modelling approach

Nicole S.N. Yiu, Daniel W.M. Chan, N. N. Sze, Ming Shan, Albert P.C. Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The construction industry contributes to a large proportion of industrial injury and mortality. It is of high importance to evaluate the effectiveness of the Safety Management System (SMS). In particular, it is necessary to compare the quality and level of achievement of SMS and safety performance of a construction project. However, a sizeable sample of construction accidents is often not available. Therefore, possible proxies to indicate the safety performance were established. Moreover, the motivation factors which characterize the quality and level of achievement should be identified. In this study, a structural model has been established to examine the relationship between the SMS implementation and operational & safety performance of the construction projects. Results of the structural model illustrated the relationship between (i) SMS implementation and project safety outcome, (ii) SMS implementation and five motivation factors, and (iii) project safety outcome and six proxies. Results of this study have unfolded the motivation factors in SMS implementation and their subsequent effects on project performance, throwing light on the need to enhance the safety management practice in order to reduce accidents and injuries in the construction industry in the long run.

Original languageEnglish
Article number89
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019


  • Construction safety
  • Project management
  • Safety management system
  • Structural Equation Model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction

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