Impacts of short-Term mitigation measures on PM2.5 and radiative effects: A case study at a regional background site near Beijing, China

Qiyuan Wang, Suixin Liu, Nan Li, Wenting Dai, Yunfei Wu, Jie Tian, Yaqing Zhou, Meng Wang, Steven Sai Hang Ho, Yang Chen, Renjian Zhang, Shuyu Zhao, Chongshu Zhu, Yongming Han, Xuexi Tie, Junji Cao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Measurements at a background site near Beijing showed that pollution controls implemented during the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (NCCPC) were effective in reducing PM 2:5 . Mass concentrations of PM 2:5 and its major chemical components were 20.6%-43.1% lower during the NCCPC-control period compared with a non-control period, and differences were greater on days with stable meteorological conditions. A receptor model showed that PM 2:5 from traffic-related emissions, biomass burning, industrial processes, and mineral dust was 38.5 %-77.8% lower during the NCCPC-control versus noncontrol period, but differences in PM 2:5 from coal burning were small, and secondary sources were higher during the NCCPC-control period. During one pollution episode in the non-control period, secondary sources dominated, and the WRF-Chem model showed that the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region contributed 73.6% of PM 2:5 mass. A second pollution episode was linked to biomass burning, and BTH contributed 46.9% of PM 2:5 mass. Calculations based on Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments (IMPROVE) algorithms showed that organic matter was the largest contributor to light extinction during the non-control period whereas NH 4 NO 3 was the main contributor during the NCCPC. The Tropospheric Ultraviolet and Visible radiation model showed that the average direct radiative forcing (DRF) values at the Earth's surface were-14:0 and-19:3Wm -2 during the NCCPC-control and non-control periods, respectively, and the DRF for the individual PM 2:5 components were 22.7 %-46.7% lower during the NCCPC. The information and dataset from this study will be useful for developing air pollution control strategies in the BTH region and for understanding associated aerosol radiative effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1881-1899
Number of pages19
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 12 Feb 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science


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