Impact of Construction Waste Disposal Charging Scheme on work practices at construction sites in Hong Kong

Tit Wan Yu, Chi Sun Poon, Agnes Wong, Robin Yip, Lara Jaillon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

112 Citations (Scopus)


Waste management in the building industry in Hong Kong has become an important environmental issue. Particularly, an increasing amount of construction and demolition (C&D) waste is being disposed at landfill sites. In order to reduce waste generation and encourage reuse and recycling, the Hong Kong Government has implemented the Construction Waste Disposal Charging Scheme (CWDCS) to levy charges on C&D waste disposal to landfills. In order to provide information on the changes in reducing waste generation practice among construction participants in various work trades, a study was conducted after 3. years of implementation of the CWDCS via a structured questionnaire survey in the building industry in Hong Kong. The study result has revealed changes with work flows of the major trades as well as differentiating the levels of waste reduced. Three building projects in the public and private sectors were selected as case studies to demonstrate the changes in work flows and the reduction of waste achieved. The research findings reveal that a significant reduction of construction waste was achieved at the first 3. years (2006-2008) of CWDCS implementation. However, the reduction cannot be sustained. The major trades have been influenced to a certain extent by the implementation of the CWDCS. Slight improvement in waste management practices was observed, but reduction of construction waste in the wet-finishing and dry-finishing trades has undergone little improvement. Implementation of the CWDCS has not yet motivated subcontractors to change their methods of construction so as to reduce C&D waste.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)138-146
Number of pages9
JournalWaste Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • Construction and demolition waste
  • Polluter-Pays-Principle
  • Recycling
  • Sorting
  • Waste Disposal Charging Scheme

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal


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