Immunomodulatory activities of mushroom sclerotial polysaccharides

Ka Hing Wong, Connie K.M. Lai, Peter C.K. Cheung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fight against cancer cells in the human body involves a defense system that is comprised of the innate and adaptive immunities which is controlled by a series of immune responses mediated by different immune cells and their secretory substances including cytokines and chemokines. Polysaccharides, especially those of fungal origin are well-known immunopotentiators that can boost up the immune system. Polysaccharides isolated from the fruit bodies and mycelia of both medicinal and edible mushrooms have been found to exert immunomodulatory function and antitumor activity in numerous in vivo and in vitro studies. In contrast, the potential of polysaccharides isolated from mushroom sclerotia as immunomodulators is only emerging. This paper gives a mini review on how the immunomodulatory actions of mushroom polysaccharides can eradicate tumor cells and also includes a recent study on the activation of innate immune cells and T-helper cells in normal and athymic BALB/c mice by three mushroom sclerotial polysaccharides with different structural characteristics extracted from Pleurotus tuber-regium and Polyporus rhinocerus.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150-158
Number of pages9
JournalFood Hydrocolloids
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antitumor activity
  • Immunomodulation
  • Mushroom sclerotium
  • Polysaccharides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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