Immigrant influx and generational politics: A comparative case study of Hong Kong and Taiwan

Stan Hok Wui Wong, Kuan Chen Lee, Karl Ho, Harold D. Clarke

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Studies have long shown the existence of an age gap in voting behavior. We argue that the influx of immigrants can influence the size of this gap. Young people can become more apprehensive toward immigrants than older people because of the former's greater exposure to more competition from immigrants in the labor market and susceptibility to anti-immigrant sentiments in society. The age gap in attitudes toward immigrants can carry over to vote choice. We illustrate our argument with a comparative study of Hong Kong and Taiwan. While the two societies share many similarities, Hong Kong has experienced a significantly larger influx of immigrants from mainland China. Based on two election surveys in 2016, we find a distinct generational gap in attitudes toward immigrants in Hong Kong, but not in Taiwan. The age gap in Hong Kong also manifests itself in electoral support of China-resisting political parties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-93
Number of pages10
JournalElectoral Studies
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


  • Attitudes toward immigrants
  • China
  • Generational politics
  • Immigration
  • Party identification
  • Vote choice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Political Science and International Relations


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