Image watermarking using tree-based spatial-frequency feature of wavelet transform

Xu Dong Zhang, Jian Feng, Kwok Tung Lo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, an image watermarking scheme is developed using the tree-based spatial-frequency feature of wavelet transform. With our approach, the watermark sequence is inserted in those high activity texture regions of an image having the maximum strength of just noticeable distortion (JND) tolerance of the human visual system (HVS). Simulation results show that the proposed method achieves a good compromise between the robustness and transparency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)474-491
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Visual Communication and Image Representation
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003


  • Copyright protection
  • Multiresolution
  • Watermarking
  • Wavelet transform

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Media Technology
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this