iCVD growth of poly(N-vinylimidazole) and poly(N-vinylimidazole-co-N-vinylpyrrolidone)

Guohua Chen, Kenneth K.S. Lau, Karen K. Gleason

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The imidazole group plays an important role in α-chymotrypsin catalysis, metal-ion complexation, counterion or dye binding. Poly(N-vinylimidazole), PVI, is also a good model polymer interacting with neutral salts. The poly(N-vinylimidazole-co-N-vinylpyrrolidone) copolymer P(VI-co-VP), can be used to produce highly functionalized polymers. PVI and P(VI-co-VP) thins films were achieved via initiated chemical vapor deposition (iCVD), a solvent-free process to form films under mild conditions. The polymerization was initiated by hot wire heated tert-butyl peroxide (TBPO). The chemical structure and compositions of the polymers were analyzed using FTIR and XPS. The growth rate of PVI as a function of the pressure inside the iCVD reactor was measured to be 1 nm/h mTorr. The XPS results show that the functional groups were retained in the polymer deposited. For the P(VI-co-VP) deposition, there are more VI groups found in the co-polymer chain even when the reacting monomers were fed in the same ratio.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3539-3542
Number of pages4
JournalThin Solid Films
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Functional polymer
  • Hot-wire CVD
  • Hydrogel
  • Initiated CVD
  • Poly(vinylimidazole)
  • Poly(vinylpyrrolidone)
  • Polymeric thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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