Hysteresis scaling of the field-driven first-order phase transition in the Ising model

Guangping Zheng, J. X. Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Dynamical phase transitions in the Ising model on hypercubic lattices are considered. Under a linearly swept magnetic field, the hysteresis loop that characterizes the field-driven first-order phase transition is studied carefully. Using the Glauber dynamics, we find that, in the mean-field approximation, the energy dissipation of this phase transition or the hysteresis loop area A of the M-H curve can be scaled with respect to the sweep rate h of magnetic field in the form A - A0∝ hb, A0∝ (Tc- T)awith a = 2 and b = 2/3. However, b varies (b < 2/3) when fluctuations and spin correlations are taken into account. Monte Carlo simulation is used to obtain the scaling relation for A in two-, three- and four-dimensional Ising models and we obtain the exponents b = 0.36 ± 0.06, 0.52 ± 0.04 and 0.65 ± 0.04 respectively. These exponents are obviously different from those obtained by scaling A as A ∝ hbT-cfor any temperatures in Ising models under a sinusoidal field. Finally we point out that, in the concept of universality, field-driven first-order phase transitions in the Ising model in different dimensions belong to different universal classes due to the spin fluctuation and correlation below the Curie temperature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1863-1871
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2 Mar 1998
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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