Hypoglycaemia detection using fuzzy inference system with intelligent optimiser

J. C.Y. Lai, Hung Fat Frank Leung, S. H. Ling

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Hypoglycaemia is a medical term for a body state with a low level of blood glucose. It is a common and serious side effect of insulin therapy in patients with diabetes. In this paper, we propose a system model to measure physiological parameters continuously to provide hypoglycaemia detection for Type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM) patients. The resulting model is a fuzzy inference system (FIS). The heart rate (HR), corrected QT interval of the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal (QTc), change of HR, and change of QTcare used as the input of the FIS to detect the hypoglycaemic episodes. An intelligent optimiser is designed to optimise the FIS parameters that govern the membership functions and the fuzzy rules. The intelligent optimiser has an implementation framework that incorporates two wavelet mutated differential evolution optimisers to enhance the training performance. A multi-objective optimisation approach is used to perform the training of the FIS in order to meet the medical standards on sensitivity and specificity. Experiments with real data of 16 children (569 data points) with TIDM are studied in this paper. The data are randomly separated into a training set with 5 patients (l99 data points), a validation set with 5 patients (177 data points) and a testing set with 5 patients (193 data points). Experiment results show that the proposed FIS tuned by the proposed intelligent optimiser can offer good performance of classification.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-65
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Soft Computing Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • Differential evolution
  • Fuzzy inference system
  • Hypoglycaemia
  • Multi-objective optimisation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software


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