Hydro-mechanical modeling of internal erosion in dike

Jie Yang, Farid Laouafa, Zhen Yu Yin, Pierre Yves Hicher

Research output: Unpublished conference presentation (presented paper, abstract, poster)Conference presentation (not published in journal/proceeding/book)Academic researchpeer-review


Instability in geotechnical structures such as dikes or earth dams may be induced by internal erosion. In this phenomenon, finer soil particles are plucked off from the solid matrix by seepage flow and transported through the pore domain over time. Due to the loss of a part of the solid phase, the mechanical properties of the soil are progressively degraded, and, with time, earthen structures are under considerable risk of failure. Research on this topic is still fairly new and much more needs to be understood. In this study, a hydro-mechanical model based on porous continuous medium theory has been proposed to assess how internal erosion impacts the safety of earthen structures. An elasto-plastic constitutive model for sand-silt mixtures has been developed to describe the effect of the evolution of both porosity and fines content induced by internal erosion upon the behavior of the soil skeleton. The model is developed within finite element method framework. It is applied to a dike subjected to internal erosion induced by the presence of a karstic cavity beneath the alluvium layer.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event53rd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium - Brooklyn, United States
Duration: 23 Jun 201926 Jun 2019


Conference53rd U.S. Rock Mechanics/Geomechanics Symposium
Country/TerritoryUnited States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Geophysics


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