To date, the effects of seawater have seldomly been investigated on the hydration of lime-pozzolan system. Also, to explore the feasibility of using lime-incinerated sewage sludge ash (ISSA)/coal fly ash (FA) as a binder for the stabilisation/solidification (S/S) of marine sediments, hydration kinetics, mechanical strength development and microstructural characteristics of lime-ISSA/FA binder hydrated using seawater are discussed in this study. The results showed that seawater initially accelerates the hydration of lime-ISSA but not the lime-FA system. The early-age and long-term compressive strength of both lime-ISSA and lime-FA system with seawater mixing was effectively increased compared to hydration using normal freshwater. Calcium phosphate hydrate and Friedel's salt was formed in the lime-ISSA system and this contributes to forming a dense microstructure. Pastes hydrated with seawater also exhibited fine porosity compared to samples hydrated using freshwater and this also contributes to improved mechanical properties. Such a type of green binder without using Portland cement would be beneficial in waste materials (i.e. ISSA and FA) upcycling and this work was expected to guide the future works on employing the lime-ISSA/FA binder on S/S of marine sediments.
- Hydration heat
- Incinerated sewage sludge ash (ISSA)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Environmental Science(all)
- Strategy and Management
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering