Hybrid vibration absorber with detached design for global vibration control

Man H. Tso, Jing Yuan, Wai On Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

A new hybrid vibration absorber, with detached passive and active parts, is designed, analyzed and tested. This is an alternative approach in case the traditional bundled hybrid vibration absorber with collocated active and passive control elements cannot be applied. In fixed-free structures like buildings and towers, a passive dynamic vibration absorber is very popular for vibration control at or near the free ends. Active control may be introduced to improve performance, but space or weight may be limited in some applications. It may not be practical to attach an actuator near the passive part. The new approach provides more flexibility to retrofit a passive dynamic vibration absorber into a high performance hybrid vibration absorber by installing the actuator at a more suitable location than collocated with the passive part. The proposed hybrid vibration absorber is based on the pole-placement control strategy. Its controller is able to deal with a possible nonminimum-phase secondary path caused by noncollocated actuator sensors. This feature does not exist in a bundled hybrid vibration absorber with collocated actuator sensors. The performance of the new hybrid vibration absorber is analyzed in this study. Experimental and simulation results are used to verify the theoretical results and demonstrate the excellent performance of the new hybrid vibration absorber for vibration control at multiple points. A bundled hybrid vibration absorber with collocated passive and active elements is compared with the proposed hybrid vibration absorber with detached control elements, using experimental and simulation results. It was found that the vibration attenuation performance of the proposed hybrid vibration absorber can be better than the traditional bundled hybrid vibration absorber. The optimal actuator location, which is not necessarily the coupling point of the passive resonator, can be selected numerically by a proposed procedure. One could miss a better solution for vibration control if he/she only uses the bundled hybrid vibration absorber without considering the detached hybrid vibration absorber as a possible alternative.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3414-3430
Number of pages17
JournalJVC/Journal of Vibration and Control
Volume23
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • detached absorber
  • global vibration control
  • hybrid control
  • noncollocated
  • nonminimum phase
  • System identification
  • vibration absorber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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