Hybrid theranostic microbubbles for ultrasound/photoacoustic imaging guided starvation/low-temperature photothermal/hypoxia-activated synergistic cancer therapy

Feng Tian, Xingjian Zhong, Jun Kai Zhao, Yutian Gu, Yadi Fan, Fan Shi, Yu Zhang, Youhua Tan, Wen Chen, Changqing Yi, Mo Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Constructing a theranostic agent for high-contrast multimodality imaging-guided synergistic therapy with long-term tumor retention and minimum systemic side effects still remains a major challenge. Herein, a hybrid microbubble-based theranostic platform was developed for dual-modality ultrasound (US) and enhanced photoacoustic (PA) imaging-guided synergistic tumor therapy by combining starvation therapy, low-temperature photothermal therapy (PTT), and hypoxia-activated therapy, based on polydopamine (PDA) doped poly(vinyl alcohol) microbubbles loaded with glucose oxidase (GOx) (PDA-PVAMBs@GOx) and hypoxia-activated prodrug (HAP) tirapazamine (TPZ). For dual-modality US/enhanced PA imaging, PDA-PVAMBs provided 6.5-fold amplified PA signals relative to freely dispersed PDA nanoparticles (PDA NPs). For synergistic cancer therapy, oxygen (O2) carried by PDA-PVAMBs@GOx was first released to promote starvation therapy by loaded GOx. Then, moderate near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation triggered PTT and improved enzymatic activity of GOx with its optimal activity around 47 °C. Subsequently, GOx-mediated tumor starvation depleted O2and exacerbated the hypoxia environment, thereby activating the toxicity of TPZ in the tumor site. Through dual-modality US/PA imaging monitoring, PDA-PVAMBs@GOx with long-term retention (∼7 days) combined with PTT and TPZ significantly inhibited the growth of solid tumors with minimum systemic side effects, which might be a powerful tool for effective tumor treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9358-9369
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry B
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - 7 Dec 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)

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