Hybrid-Order Representation Learning for Electricity Theft Detection

Yuying Zhu, Yang Zhang, Lingbo Liu, Yang Liu, Guanbin Li, Mingzhi Mao, Liang Lin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Electricity theft is the primary cause of electrical losses in power systems, which severely harms the economic benefits of electricity providers and threatens the safety of the power supply. However, due to the inherent complex correlation and periodicity of electricity consumption and the low efficiency of large-scale data processing, detecting anomalies in electricity consumption data accurately and efficiently remains challenging. Existing methods usually focus on first-order information and ignore the second-order representation learning that can efficiently model global temporal dependency and facilitate discriminative representation learning of electricity consumption data. In this article, we propose a novel electricity theft detection framework named hybrid-order representation learning network (HORLN). Specifically, the sequential electricity consumption data is transformed into the matrix format containing weekly consumption records. Then, an inter-and-intra week convolution block is designed to capture multiscale features in a local-to-global manner. Meanwhile, a self-dependency modeling module is proposed to learn the second-order representations from self-correlation matrices, which are finally combined with the first-order representations to predict the anomaly scores of electricity consumers. Extensive experiments on a real-world benchmark demonstrate the advantages of our HORLN over state-of-the-art methods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1248-1259
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • Deep learning
  • electricity theft detection
  • power system
  • second-order representation
  • smart grids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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