Hybrid non-destructive evaluation methods for characterizing chloride-induced corrosion in concrete

Phoebe T.W. Wong, Wallace W.L. Lai, Janet F.C. Sham, Chi sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


This paper aims to describe a GPR-based phase characterization model for characterizing various phases of invisible chloride contamination, active corrosion and cracks/delamination in reinforced concrete (RC) structures. The works are divided into two parts: (1) fieldworks of two 30+ year old RC slab exposed to abrasive tidal seawater, and (2) laboratory specimens of 4 exposure conditions subject to accelerated corrosion in 94 days. The very different spatial amplitude distribution of the former is verified by the temporal and continuous measurement of the latter. Results show that abnormally low or high amplitude of radar signals are indications of chloride contamination or delamination phase of a corrosion model, respectively. The analysis proves that RC deterioration can be imaged and modelled via GPR by identifying the highest (cracks/delamination) and lowest amplitude (chloride contamination) through certain thresholds established in this paper. The thresholds in both field works and lab's RC specimens were further collectively used to convert the amplitude values to health indicators of the RC structure in the fieldwork. The methodology, analysis and the corrosion phase characterization will pave the way for large-scale, completely noninvasive, and efficient imaging and diagnosis of RC structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102123
JournalNDT and E International
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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