Hybrid Lithium-Ion/Metal Electrodes Enable Long Cycle Stability and High Energy Density of Flexible Batteries

Chuan Xie, Jian Chang, Jian Shang, Lei Wang, Yuan Gao, Qiyao Huang, Zijian Zheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


High-energy, stable, and flexible lithium batteries are highly demanded for next-generation flexible and wearable electronics. Although the cycling stability of flexible lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) is high, their energy density reaches the bottleneck because of the use of graphite anode. On the other hand, flexible lithium-metal batteries provide higher energy density because of the use of lithium (Li) metal anode, but the cycling stability is poor. Herein, a new type of flexible hybrid lithium-ion/metal battery (f-LIMB) is reported, which simultaneously possesses enhanced energy density, stable cycling behavior, and outstanding flexibility. f-LIMB is enabled by using the prelithiated carbon cloth as the anode, which improves the initial Coulombic efficiency by a prior formation of solid electrolyte interface, benefits the subsequent deposition of Li metal due to the preformed lithiophilic LixC6 compounds, and enhances the cycle life and energy density of batteries through a Li compensation mechanism. The f-LIMB full cell possesses an improved gravimetric and volumetric energy density by as much as 64% and 67%, in comparison to the flexible LIB counterpart, and pertains high capacity retention of 84% after 1000 charge/discharge cycles. In addition, the f-LIMB can be readily bent down to a small radius of 2.5 mm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2203242
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2022


  • carbon cloth
  • cycle stability
  • flexible batteries
  • hybrid lithium-ion/metal electrodes
  • prelithiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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