Hybrid Indoor Positioning System Based on Acoustic Ranging and Wi-Fi Fingerprinting under NLOS Environments

Zhengyan Zhang, Yue Yu, Liang Chen, Ruizhi Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


An accurate indoor positioning system (IPS) for the public has become an essential function with the fast development of smart city-related applications. The performance of the current IPS is limited by the complex indoor environments, the poor performance of smartphone built-in sensors, and time-varying measurement errors of different location sources. This paper introduces a hybrid indoor positioning system (H-IPS) that combines acoustic ranging, Wi-Fi fingerprinting, and low-cost sensors. This system is designed specifically for large-scale indoor environments with non-line-of-sight (NLOS) conditions. To improve the accuracy in estimating pedestrian motion trajectory, a data and model dual-driven (DMDD) model is proposed to integrate the inertial navigation system (INS) mechanization and the deep learning-based speed estimator. Additionally, a double-weighted K-nearest neighbor matching algorithm enhanced the accuracy of Wi-Fi fingerprinting and scene recognition. The detected scene results were then utilized for NLOS detection and estimation of acoustic ranging results. Finally, an adaptive unscented Kalman filter (AUKF) was developed to provide universal positioning performance, which further improved by the Wi-Fi accuracy indicator and acoustic drift estimator. The experimental results demonstrate that the presented H-IPS achieves precise positioning under NLOS scenes, with meter-level accuracy attainable within the coverage range of acoustic signals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3520
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2023


  • acoustic ranging
  • adaptive unscented Kalman filter
  • data and model dual-driven
  • indoor positioning system
  • Wi-Fi fingerprinting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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