Hybrid DMST model for high-solidity straight-bladed VAWTs

Yi Xin Peng, You Lin Xu, Sheng Zhan

Research output: Journal article publicationConference articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Straight-bladed vertical-axis wind turbines (SBVAWTs) have unsatisfactory power generation and self-start ability due to continuous variation of attack angle to the blades. This study attempts to propose a proper analytical tool for high-solidity SBVAWTs since high-solidity SBVAWTs could be valuable in application for their comparatively low operational speed and good self-start performance. The applicability of the double-disk multiple stream-tube (DMST) model, which is a mainstream tool for SBVAWTs, is first examined for high-solidity SBVAWTs using the measurement data of aerodynamic forces on the blades obtained from wind tunnel tests. It is found that the complex flow field around the high-solidity SBVAWT introduces difficulties for the current DMST model to make satisfactory predictions. A hybrid DMST model, which uses the attack angle-dynamic aerodynamic force coefficient relationship established based on the measurement data, is then proposed. The aerodynamic forces estimated from the proposed hybrid DMST model manifest that the hybrid DMST model could predict the aerodynamic forces on the blades of the high-solidity SBVAWT with higher accuracy than the existing DMST models.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-381
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy Procedia
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event10th International Conference on Applied Energy, ICAE 2018 - Hong Kong, China
Duration: 22 Aug 201825 Aug 2018


  • DMST
  • High-solidity
  • Hybrid DMST
  • Optimal pitch
  • Straight-bladed
  • Vertical axis wind turbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)


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