Human Factors in Waste Reduction Design: A Case Study on Using Garbage Bags Under Waste Charging Policy in Hong Kong

Yi Lin Wong, Chi Hang Lo

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review


Hong Kong has an extensive amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) disposing of in the landfills. To reduce MSW, the Environmental Protection Department of Hong Kong had introduced two kinds of charging modes to the Legislative Council in 2018. Depending on the sizes and types of garbage, people can choose to be charged by designated garbage bags or weight. Considering the design and societal factors, this paper aims at investigating people’s waste disposal habits in Hong Kong. Taking Hong Kong as a case study, the paper discusses the potential issues and the design consideration of designated garbage bags. Five human factors, conveniency, benefit, cost, responsibility and risk, are identified for the design of designated garbage bags and the implementation of waste charging policy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Ergonomics in Design - Proceedings of the AHFE 2021
EditorsFrancisco Rebelo
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages11
ISBN (Print)9783030797591
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
EventAHFE International Conference on Ergonomics in Design, 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 25 Jul 202129 Jul 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Networks and Systems
ISSN (Print)2367-3370
ISSN (Electronic)2367-3389


ConferenceAHFE International Conference on Ergonomics in Design, 2021
CityVirtual, Online


  • Garbage bags
  • Municipal solid waste
  • Waste charging
  • Waste reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Computer Networks and Communications

Cite this