How Does Sustainable Development of Supply Chains Make Firms Lean, Green and Profitable? A Resource Orchestration Perspective

Wing Yan Wong, Chee Yew Wong, Sakun Boon-itt

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


This paper theorizes and tests the effects of sustainable development of supply chains on cost-reduction (lean), environmental (green) and financial (profitable) performance. Based on the resource orchestration theory, we argue that internal, supplier and customer sustainable development each orchestrate different types of resource and therefore their effects vary. Structural equation modeling of data from a survey of 203 Thai manufacturers was used to test a new theoretical model. Results confirm that financial performance was achieved through cost reduction created by customer sustainable development supported by internal and supplier sustainable development. On the other hand, better environmental performance created by internal sustainable development generated no financial gains. However, internal, supplier and customer sustainable development positively affected each other, and by acting together they made firms lean, green and profitable.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)375-388
Number of pages14
JournalBusiness Strategy and the Environment
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2018


  • business performance
  • supply chain management
  • sustainability
  • sustainable development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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