Hopelessness in Chinese adolescents in Hong Kong: Demograpic and family correlates

Tan Lei Shek, T. Y. Lee

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Chinese secondary school students (N=3,017) responded to measures of adolescent hopelessness, perceived parental behavioral control (indexed by parental knowledge, expectation, monitoring, discipline, and demandingness, as well as Chinese parental control attributes), parental psychological control, and parent-child relational qualities (satisfaction with parental control, child's readiness to communicate with the parents and perceived mutual trust). Results showed that roughly one-fifth of Chinese adolescents displayed signs of hopelessness and adolescent hopelessness was related to adolescent age and gender as well as parental education and marital status. Although parental behavioral control was negatively related to adolescent hopelessness, parental psychological control was positively associated with adolescent hopelessness. Participants perceived parent-child relational qualities to be better showed lower levels of hopelessness.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-290
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Chinese adolescents
  • Hong Kong
  • Hopelessness
  • Parent-child relational qualities
  • Parental control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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