Methods: From April to June 2020, we conducted an online survey among Hong Kong nurses under the support from the Association of Hong Kong Nursing Staff (AHKNS). The 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10) and the 17-item Davidson Trauma Scale (DTS) were used to evaluate the perceived stress level and PTSD, respectively. The self-perceived influence of COVID-19 outbreak on daily life factors were measured by the 0-to-10 Numerical Rating Scales. Higher score indicated higher influenced daily life status.
Results: We enrolled 854 nurses in this study. The mean age was 41.8±11.7 years. Around 10% of the nurses were males. The mean total score of PSS-10 and DTS were18.21±5.50 and 30.2±26.37, respectively. Almost 80% of the nurses had moderate and high level of perceived stress (PSS-10 score≥14); and 50.9% of the nurses were considered having PTSD (DTS total score≥40). The social intercourse activity (score=7.31), daily routine and arrangement (score=6.84), and physical activity (score=6.09) were the three most influenced daily life factors. According to the Pearson correlation analysis, higher scores of PSS-10 and DTS were significantly correlated with higher self-perceived influence on all daily life factors (all P<0.001). The most correlated factor was sleep (βstress=0.40, βPTSD=0.54) and work productivity (βstress=0.38, βPTSD=0.43), followed by diet for PSTD (βPTSD=0.39) and daily routine and arrangement for stress (βstress=0.38).
Conclusion: Hong Kong nurses had high level of stress and PTSD during the outbreak of COVID-19. These mental health issues were significantly associated with their daily lives, especially the influenced social intercourse activities.
|Publication status||Published - 2 Nov 2021|