A series of cationic ruthenium(VI) nitrido species containing the cyclohexyl-bridged salen ligand (L) and its derivatives, [RuVI(N)(L)]+, have been prepared by treatment of [NBun4][RuVI(N)Cl4] with H2L in methanol. The structure of [RuVI(N)(L)](ClO4) (1a) has been determined by X-ray crystallography, d(RuΞN) = 1.592 Å. In solvents such as DMF or DMSO, [RuVI(N)(L)]+ undergoes a facile N⋯N coupling reaction at room temperature to produce N2 and [RuIII(L)(S)2]+ (S = solvent). 1a reacts rapidly with secondary amines to produce diamagnetic RuIV-hydrazido(1-) species, [RuIV(N(H)NR2)(L)(HNR2)]+. The reaction with morpholine is first order in RuVI and second order in morpholine with k(CH3CN, 25 °C) = 2.08 × 106 M-2 s-1. This rate constant is over 4 orders of magnitude larger than that of the corresponding reaction of the electrophilic osmium nitride, trans-[OsVI(N)(tpy)(Cl)2]+, with morpholine. The structure of [Ru(NHNC4H8)(L)(NHC4H8)](PF6)2 has been determined by X-ray crystallography, the Ru-N(hydrazido) distance is 1.940 Å, and the Ru-N-N angle is 129.4°.
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