The combination of the readily available chiral bisphosphine ligand Difluorphos with [Ir(COD)Cl]2 in THF resulted in a highly efficient catalyst system for asymmetric hydrogenation of quinolines at quite low catalyst loadings (0.05-0.002 mol%), affording the corresponding products with high enantioselectivities (up to 96%), excellent catalytic activities (TOF up to 3510 h-1) and productivities (TON up to 43000). The same catalyst was also successfully applied to the asymmetric hydrogenation of trisubstituted pyridines with nearly quantitative yields and up to 98% ee. In these two reactions, the addition of I2 additive is indispensable; but the amount of I2 has a different effect on catalytic performance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry