High serum thrombospondin-1 concentration is associated with slower abdominal aortic aneurysm growth and deficiency of thrombospondin-1 promotes angiotensin II induced aortic aneurysm in mice

Smriti Murali Krishna, Sai Wang Seto, Roby Jose, Jiaze Li, Joseph Moxon, Paula Clancy, David J. Crossman, Paul Norman, Theophilus I. Emeto, Jonathan Golledge

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a common age-related vascular disease characterized by progressive weakening and dilatation of the aortic wall. Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1; gene Thbs1) is a member of the matricellular protein family important in the control of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodelling. In the present study, the association of serum TSP-1 concentration with AAA progression was assessed in 276 men that underwent repeated ultrasound for a median 5.5 years. AAA growth was negatively correlated with serum TSP-1 concentration (Spearman's rho -0.129, P=0.033). Men with TSP-1 in the highest quartile had a reduced likelihood of AAA growth greater than median during follow-up (OR: 0.40; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.19-0.84, P=0.016, adjusted for other risk factors). Immunohistochemical staining for TSP-1 was reduced in AAA body tissues compared with the relatively normal AAA neck. To further assess the role of TSP-1 in AAA initiation and progression, combined TSP-1 and apolipoprotein deficient (Thbs1-/-ApoE-/-, n=20) and control mice (ApoE-/-, n=20) were infused subcutaneously with angiotensin II (AngII) for 28 days. Following AngII infusion, Thbs1-/- ApoE-/- mice had larger AAAs by ultrasound (P=0.024) and ex vivo morphometry measurement (P=0.006). The Thbs1-/-ApoE-/- mice also showed increased elastin filament degradation along with elevated systemic levels and aortic expression of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9. Suprarenal aortic segments and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) isolated from Thbs1-/-ApoE-/- mice showed reduced collagen 3A1 gene expression. Furthermore, Thbs1-/-ApoE-/- mice had reduced aortic expression of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor-related protein 1. Collectively, findings from the present study suggest that TSP-1 deficiency promotes maladaptive remodelling of the ECM leading to accelerated AAA progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1261-1281
Number of pages21
JournalClinical Science
Volume131
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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