High-rate and long-life performance of a truncated spinel cathode material with off-stoichiometric composition at elevated temperature

Chunxiang Yang, Yuanfu Deng, Man Gao, Xianfeng Yang, Xusong Qin, Guohua Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Concentration gradient of Mn4+ions is found to decrease through the surface to the interior of the as-prepared sample. As the consequence, the LAMCOF sample delivers high rate capability and excellent cycling stability at elevated temperature, showing an initial discharge capacity of 111.1 mAh g−1and capacity retention of 70.5% over 850 cycles at 1C rate under 55 °C. Even at 5C rate under 55 °C, it also displays a high capacity of 102.5 mAh g−1with capacity retention of 80.0% over 850 cycles. These results reveal the importance of an off-stoichiometric strategy and a temperature-controlled heat-treatment process for the preparation of LiMn2O4-based spinel cathode material with unique crystal orientation and Mn4+-rich surface layer, which both decrease the Mn dissolution and provide interfacial stability while preserving fast Li+diffusion, resulting in improvement of cycle performance and rate capability of the as-prepared material. This proposed synthesis method does not need a supplementary coating process and is likely suitable to prepare other high performance cathode materials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-206
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume225
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cathode
  • High capacity retention
  • LiMn O 2 4
  • Off-stoichiometric strategy
  • Spinel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

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