High quality SnS van der Waals epitaxies on graphene buffer layer

W. Wang, K. K. Leung, W. K. Fong, S. F. Wang, Y. Y. Hui, Shu Ping Lau, C. Surya

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We report investigation of SnS van der Waals epitaxies (vdWEs) grown by molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) technique. Experimental results demonstrate an indirect bandgap of ∼1 eV and a direct bandgap of ∼1.25 eV. Substantial improvement in the crystallinity for the SnS thin films is accomplished by using graphene as the buffer layer. Using this novel growth technique we observed significant lowering in the rocking curve FWHM of the SnS films. Crystallite size in the range of 2-3 μm is observed which represents a significant improvement over the existing results. The absorption coefficient, α, is found to be of the order of 104 cm-1 which demonstrates sharp cutoff as a function of energy for films grown using graphene buffer layers indicating low concentration of localized states in the bandgap. Hole mobility as high as 81 cm2V-1s-1 is observed for SnS films on graphene/GaAs(100) substrates. The improvements in the physical properties of the films are attributed to the unique layered structure and chemically saturated bonds at the SnS/graphene interface. As a result, the interaction between the SnS thin films and the graphene buffer layer is dominated by a weak vdW force and structural defects at the interface, such as dangling bonds or dislocations, are substantially reduced.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThin Film Solar Technology IV
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
EventThin Film Solar Technology IV - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: 12 Aug 201313 Aug 2013


ConferenceThin Film Solar Technology IV
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Graphene buffer layer
  • Photovoltaic material
  • SnS
  • Van der Waals epitaxy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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