High-precision Ocean navigation with single set of BeiDou short-message device

Shengyue Ji, Ziru Sun, Duojie Weng, Wu Chen, Zhenjie Wang, Kaifei He

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


The high-precision navigation and positioning with GNSS has become widely used in various applications with the development of new GNSS systems, such as BeiDou and Galileo. For marine applications, high-precision navigation and positioning with GNSS is still a challenge since the requirement of the communication link is a problem on sea. Both DGNSS and RTK require data communication between base station on land and the rover station on sea. The data communication can be performed by providers of the marine satellite communication service, such as Intelsat, Eutelsat, Telesat and the SpaceX. However, the cost is too high to be afforded by ordinary GNSS users. The BeiDou short-message service provides an efficient way for the data communication between reference station on land and rover station on sea. Each BeiDou message length is limited to 78 bytes, and the communication frequency is limited to 60 s. Based on the BeiDou short-message service, the high-precision positioning has been achieved in previous studies. However, multiple set of short-message devices are used and the cost is still high. In this research, based on dual-frequency GNSS data, we propose the high-precision navigation on sea with single set of short-message device. The space-relative and time-relative positioning methods are integrated to reduce the data requirements. That is, first, every minute precise position is acquired with traditional space-relative positioning method and then the position of the other epochs is derived with time-relative positioning method. The experimental results based on buoy observations on sea show that the navigation accuracy can reach up to cm level in both horizontal and vertical directions. The proposed method can meet the requirements of different marine applications such as tide monitoring and wave monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1589-1602
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Geodesy
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019


  • BeiDou
  • High-precision
  • Ocean navigation
  • Short-message
  • Time-relative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Computers in Earth Sciences


Dive into the research topics of 'High-precision Ocean navigation with single set of BeiDou short-message device'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this