High-Performance Rigid and Flexible Perovskite Solar Cells with Low-Temperature Solution-Processable Binary Metal Oxide Hole-Transporting Materials

Ping Li Qin, Qin He, Cong Chen, Xiao Lu Zheng, Guang Yang, Hong Tao, Liang Bin Xiong, Lun Xiong, Gang Li, Guo Jia Fang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


To achieve high performance in perovskite solar cells (PSC), the hole-transporting layer (HTL) is very important. In this work, we introduce a novel copper-chromium binary metal oxide as the hole-transporting material for PSC application. This low temperature solution-process HTL enables high performance PSC. The energy levels and phase compositions of the binary metal oxide can be modulated with different copper acetylacetonate (y)/chromium acetylacetonate (z) volume ratios in the reacting solution precursors. X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy show that both mono CuyO(z = 0) or CrzO(y = 0) and binary CuCrO2 and CuCr2O4 phases can be formed. The Cr-terminated polar CuCrO2 component leads to films with superior wettability and compatibility with perovskite precursor solution, while the formation of high coverage uniform perovskite films is favorable for device fabrication. Unlike copper oxides, the copper-chromium binary metal oxide films have wide band gaps of around 3.1 eV, as well as suitable energy levels for both electron-blocking and hole-transporting. As a result, PSCs with this low-temperature solution processed copper-chromium binary metal oxide HTL have achieved high PCE of 17.19% on glass and 15.53% on flexible PET substrates, which is a significant enhancement over mono-metal oxide based devices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700058
JournalSolar RRL
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017


  • binary metal oxide
  • copper-chromium oxide
  • hole-transporting layer
  • interface engineering
  • perovskite solar cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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