High performance relaxor-based ferroelectric single crystals for ultrasonic transducer applications

Yan Chen, Kwok Ho Lam, Dan Zhou, Qingwen Yue, Yanxiong Yu, Jinchuan Wu, Weibao Qiu, Lei Sun, Chao Zhang, Haosu Luo, Helen L.W. Chan, Jiyan Dai

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)


Relaxor-based ferroelectric single crystals Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3(PMN-PT) have drawn much attention in the ferroelectric field because of their excellent piezoelectric properties and high electromechanical coupling coefficients (d33~2000 pC/N, kt~60%) near the morphotropic phase boundary (MPB).Ternary Pb(In1/2Nb1/2)O3-Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3(PIN-PMN-PT) single crystals also possess outstanding performance comparable with PMN-PT single crystals, but have higher phase transition temperatures (rhombohedral to tetragonal Trt, and tetragonal to cubic Tc) and larger coercive field Ec. Therefore, these relaxor-based single crystals have been extensively employed for ultrasonic transducer applications. In this paper, an overview ofour work and perspectives on using PMN-PT and PIN-PMN-PT single crystals for ultrasonic transducer applications is presented. Various types of single-element ultrasonic transducers, including endoscopic transducers, intravascular transducers, high-frequency and high-temperature transducers fabricated using the PMN-PT and PIN-PMN-PT crystals and their 2-2 and 1-3 composites are reported. Besides, the fabrication and characterization of the array transducers, such as phased array, cylindrical shaped linear array, high-temperature linear array, radial endoscopic array, and annular array, are also addressed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13730-13758
Number of pages29
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jul 2014


  • Composites
  • PMN-PT
  • Single crystals
  • Ultrasonic transducers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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