High-performance microwave absorption enabled by Co3O4 modified VB-group laminated VS2 with frequency modulation from S-band to Ku-band

Zehao Huang, Junye Cheng, Huibin Zhang, Yingfei Xiong, Zhanxin Zhou, Qingbin Zheng, Guangping Zheng, Deqing Zhang, Maosheng Cao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

97 Citations (Scopus)


High performance microwave absorption (MA) materials especially those with tunable frequency are highly desirable for telecommunication industries and military camouflage in the information era. Herein, we constructed hierarchical heterostructures based on VB-group laminated vanadium disulfide (VS2) nanosheets embedded with cobalt tetroxide (Co3O4) nanoparticles. The highly dispersed Co3O4 nanoparticles generate strong electromagnetic coupling networks that could enhance the loss properties of MA materials. Moreover, the interconnected VS2 layered network results in dipolar/interfacial polarization, multiple reflection and scattering favorable for the enhanced MA performance. Impressively, the maximum reflection loss of the VS2/Co3O4 hybrids containing 10% Co3O4 can reach 57.96 dB at a thin thickness of 1.57 mm, and the bandwidth with an RL value less than -10 dB is as large as 3.5 GHz. The effective MA band could be adjusted in a range of 15.1 GHz (2.9-18 GHz) from S to Ku bands by the increase in thickness from 1.2 mm to 5.5 mm. The results show that the synergistic effect of multiple loss mechanisms and good impedance matching could be the reasons for strong MA capability in nearly all frequency bands, and thus, the high-performance and lightweight MA materials could be developed by the VS2/Co3O4 hybrids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-164
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2022


  • CoO nanospheres
  • Hetero-structure
  • Microwave wave absorption
  • VS nanosheets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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